What Are Real Estate Investment Trust

How does a REIT differ from other types of real estate investments?


Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) are companies that own, operate, or finance income-producing real estate. These properties can include anything from apartment buildings and office complexes to shopping centers and hotels. REITs are a popular investment option for those looking to diversify their portfolio and earn regular income.

Types of REITs

Equity REITs

Equity REITs are the most common type of REIT. These companies own and operate income-producing properties, such as apartment buildings, office complexes, and shopping centers. They generate revenue by collecting rent from tenants.

Mortgage REITs

Mortgage REITs invest in mortgages and other real estate loans. They earn income by collecting interest on these loans. Mortgage REITs can be more volatile than equity REITs because they are more sensitive to changes in interest rates.

Hybrid REITs

Hybrid REITs invest in both properties and mortgages. They offer investors a combination of the income potential of equity REITs and the diversification benefits of mortgage REITs.

Benefits of Investing in REITs

  • Regular income: REITs are required by law to distribute at least 90% of their taxable income to shareholders as dividends, making them a popular choice for income-seeking investors.
  • Diversification: Investing in REITs can help diversify your portfolio by adding exposure to the real estate market.
  • Liquidity: REITs are publicly traded on major stock exchanges, making them easy to buy and sell.
  • Tax benefits: REIT dividends are taxed at a lower rate than ordinary income, and some REITs offer tax-deferred distributions.


How do I invest in REITs?

You can invest in REITs through a brokerage account, just like you would with stocks. Some mutual funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs) also invest in REITs.

Are REITs a good investment?

Like any investment, there are risks associated with investing in REITs. However, they can be a good option for investors looking for regular income and diversification.

What are the risks of investing in REITs?

The risks of investing in REITs include changes in interest rates, economic downturns, and changes in the real estate market. Additionally, some REITs may be more volatile than others depending on their investment strategy.


Real Estate Investment Trusts offer investors a way to diversify their portfolio and earn regular income through investments in income-producing properties. With different types of REITs available, investors can choose the option that best suits their investment goals and risk tolerance.